The strength of collective history of the indigenous peoples of the island country is brought out when one embarks on a tour of the City Museum in Osaka, which presents a complete prologue to the record, economy and the mores of culture, right from the Paleolithic Age to the Edo Period which spanned from 1603 to 1867. The structure that was thrown open for public viewing in the year 1960 is a three-storey complex which hosts regular exhibitions on the first two floors and special programs on the third
Most of the exhibits that are displayed are unique objects including documents and color prints which, in Japanese, are known as ‘nishiki-e'. A view of the Osaka Castle Park that is famous for its cherry blossoms in the springtime is obtainable from the campus of the museum. The Osaka Castle had undergone renovation in 1997 when the tower was converted into a history museum with the observation story on the eighth floor which offers a panoramic bird's eye view of Osaka City, Mt. Rokko and Mt. Ikoma.
The building was initially constructed in 1931 with the purpose of being the headquarters of the Japanese Army's 4 th Division using funds raised from the commoners in celebration of the of the ascension of Emperor Showa to the throne of the kingdom. Modeled after a European castle, it was used after WWII by the Osaka Police Department. It was the Osaka City Museum from 1960 to 2001. Since November 2001, it is the Osaka Museum of History.
Located within the Osaka Castle Park, the Osaka City Museum, at 1-1 Osakajo, Chuo-ku in Osaka City, near the Osakajo-Koen Station on the JR Osaka Loop Line, hosts standing exhibitions of the history and culture of Osaka.